This book is a compendium of drastic changes that occurred in the fortunes of nations in the last 500 years. Seventeenth century China and India held one half of the world's wealth. Europe was crazy for Chinese silks, porcelain, tea and India's artifacts, muslins, printed calicos and spices. Portugal's lucrative trade with the East enticed other maritime Europeans. It was the trading companies which laid foundations of colonialism. Britain exploited India until it was rendered a basket case. Europeans and the United States ganged up against China which blocked their clandestine opium trade and profited from post-war reparations. Spanish conquistadors smashed exquisite Aztec and Inca kingdoms to establish Spanish rule. Spain enriched from South America's gold and silver, began eyeing North America. An alarmed Britain established colonies on the east coast. These colonies prospered but Britain lost them due to her fiscal and patronizing policies. Unfortunately for her natives, Britain selected Australia to exile her convicts. African slaves were introduced to fully exploit the colonies. Colonials deployed draconian laws to suppress dissent to their despotic rule. Their inhuman treatment of natives of the colonies reveals a darker side of European civilization.
ISBN : 978-1-78830-872-4
Pages : 340
Size : 156x234
Imprint : Olympia Publishers
Professionally a soil scientist, Dr. Singh spent his post-retirement years researching on European colonialism. He concentrated on machinations behind acquisition of colonies and travails of destitute natives of colonies which deserved more space in books on colonialism.
Dr. Singh earned his Ph.D. from University of California, Davis. He held research and teaching positions at the Punjab Agricultural University before moving out to join administration positions in the government of India as director of two research institutes. Besides authorship of scores of research papers, he co-authored a book "Plant Resources of Andaman and Nicobar Islands" and authored another book "Irrigation and Soil Salinity in the Indian Subcontinent Past and Present", published by the Lehigh University Press.